An electric car runs on electric motors instead of a regular engine and is fueled by a rechargeable battery.
Charging an electric car is similar to charging a cell phone. We need to connect our car to a charging point, either at home or in a network of public charging points.
Electric cars do not emit environmentally harmful CO2 like gasoline or diesel cars because they are equipped with rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.
The arrangement of components in an electric vehicle’s system.
- Electric motor (usually AC (alternating current)): Provides power to the vehicle to turn the wheels.
- Inverter: Device that converts DC power into AC power, changes the rotation speed of the motor, and customizes the power or torque of the motor.
- Lithium-type battery: Stores the energy needed for the vehicle to run. The capacity of the car battery is proportional to the vehicle’s travel range.
- Battery charger: Stored in the battery. This unit can adjust the car’s charging speed to control the battery voltage level. The battery charger can also monitor the battery temperature to help maintain battery life.
- Controller: Responsible for managing all parameters and controlling charging speed by processing information from the battery. The controller can adjust the speed in the vehicle engine’s inverter by transferring pressure on the accelerator pedal.
- Charging cable: For charging your car at home or at public charging points.
I hope the article above has provided you with a clear understanding of the concept, functioning, and composition of an electric car.